The public law is part of the law that regulates relations between individuals and private entities with bodies who hold public power when the latter act in the exercise of their legitimate public powers (judicial, administrative, depending on the nature of the body that Detained). According to the procedure legally established, and of the organs of the Public Administration among themselves.
In generic terms, one can understand that it is the fundamental principles that guide the relationship between the governing body and its subjects. It also set the rules on how authorities should exercise their power.
They are the fundamental principles of Public Law, those norms set by their special nature are intended to serve as basic concepts of this “branch of legal knowledge, " and that differentiate it from other general principles of Law applicable in the field of Private Law.
However, the principles of public law may vary from state to state. However, the modern legal doctrine has established two almost unanimously: the principle of legality, that is, subjecting the State to compliance with the legal system, and all the principles for the maintenance of the development of the democratic State, that is, to allow the greatest possible spiritual and material realization.
Traditionally the principles of Public Law are often opposed to the principles of autonomy of the will and equality of parts of Private Law.
The most important of these principles are:
- Principle of legality
- Presumption of Legality of the Acts of Public Power
- Principle of Competition
- Brewer"s Competition Characters
- Factors Determining Competition
- The Hierarchy Principle
- The Principle of State Responsibility
- Constitutional Principles
- Principle of Specialty